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核心成分分析法例题解析!

  下面来看一道例题:

  Here is an example:

  甜柠檬效应就是个体在追求预期目标失败时,为了冲淡自己内心的不安,就百般提高现已实现目标的价值,从而达到心理平衡、心安理得的现象。

  The sweet lemon effect is the phenomenon that when an individual fails to pursue the expected goal, in order to dilute his inner uneasiness, he can improve the value of the goal and achieve psychological balance and peace of mind.

  根据上述定义,下列属于甜柠檬效应的是:

  According to the above definition, the following are sweet lemon effects:

  A.根据教练估计,小张需要减肥到60千克才能达到他想要的健身效果,但小张在减到63千克时就放弃了,因为他觉得自己足够健美了

  A. According to the coach's estimation, Xiao Zhang needs to lose weight to 60 kg to achieve the fitness effect he wants, but Xiao Zhang gives up when he reduces to 63 kg, because he thinks he is strong enough

  B.小明本来想买笔记本电脑,却在导购员的劝说下买了平板电脑,使用后他很满意,并向朋友推荐

  B. Xiaoming wanted to buy a laptop, but he bought a tablet computer with the help of a shopping guide. After using it, he was very satisfied and recommended it to his friends

  C.小文的数学成绩又让他的辅导老师失望了,老师只能用“比上一次,还是有进步的”来安慰自己

  C. Xiaowen's math performance disappointed his tutor again. At last, the teacher could only comfort himself with "better than last time"

  D.这几周,小红为自己的销售业绩不断下滑而苦恼,但当她知道自己仍是销售状元时,变得安心多了

  D. In recent weeks, Xiaohong has been distressed by her declining sales performance, but when she knew that she was still the top seller, she became more comfortable

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  正确答案为:C。首先分析题干定义解释,解释中相关核心成分表达的十分明显,我们可以查找出来。“个体在追求预期目标失败时”这是条件,“为了冲淡自己内心的不安”这是目的,“提高实现目标的价值”这是手段,“达到心理平衡”这是结果。接下来逐个分析选项找到更一致的。A项,小张减到63千克放弃,因为自己觉得足够健美,这并没有出现内心不安,不符合排除。B项,小明在导购员劝说下由电脑改为平板电脑,但同样没有体现出内心不安,不符合排除。C项,辅导老师失望体现内心失望,用“比上一次,还是有进步的”来安慰自己,体现提高已实现价值来平衡心理。D项,当她知道自己仍是销售状元时,变得安心多了,与内心不安无关,排除选项。

  The correct answer is: C. First of all, we analyze the explanation of the definition of the stem of a question. The expression of the relevant core components in the explanation is very obvious. We can find out. "When an individual fails to pursue the expected goal" is the condition, "in order to dilute his inner uneasiness" is the purpose, "to improve the value of achieving the goal" is the means, "to achieve psychological balance" is the result. Next, analyze the options one by one to find the most consistent. In item a, Zhang dropped to 63kg to give up, because he felt strong enough, which did not cause any inner unease, which was not in line with the exclusion. In item B, Xiaoming changed from a computer to a tablet computer under the persuasion of the shopping guide, but it also did not show his inner uneasiness and did not meet the exclusion. In item C, the disappointment of the tutor reflects the inner disappointment, comforts himself with "better than last time" and balances his psychology with the realization of value improvement. Item D, when she knew that she was still the top seller, she became more comfortable, not related to her inner uneasiness, and excluded the options.

  根据上面的题我们了解到对于一些核心成分明确的题干可以采用核心成分法,进而帮助做题。

  According to the above questions, we have learned that for some questions with clear core components, the core component method can be used to help solve the questions.


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