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山东法院法警招聘考试细说原始社会!

  1. 原始人

  1. primitive man

  1. 元谋人:早在旧石器时代的云南省元谋县,距今约170万年前,元谋人就已经能够用天然火烹制食物。

  1. Yuanmou people: as early as the Paleolithic age in Yuanmou County, Yunnan Province, about 1.7 million years ago, Yuanmou people were able to cook food with natural fire.

  2. 蓝田人:大约80万年前,陕西省的蓝田人是中国的直立人化石。旧石器时代早期人类生活在中更新世和旧石器时代早期。

  2. Lantian: about 800000 years ago, Lantian people in Shaanxi Province were Chinese Homo erectus. In the early Paleolithic period, human beings lived in the Middle Pleistocene and the early Paleolithic period.

  北京人:龙固山,周口店,北京西南,约50万年前。能制作石制工具,能使用天然火。

  Beijing people: Longgushan, Zhoukoudian, southwest of Beijing, about 500000 years ago. Can make stone tools, can use natural fire.

  早期智人

  Early Homo sapiens

  早期智人,也被称为“古人”,大约在30万到5万年前,以丁村人为代表。山西省襄汾县丁村是丁村人的聚居地。这是旧石器时代中期,大约10万年前。

  Early Homo sapiens, also known as the "ancients", represented by Ding village about 300000 to 50000 years ago. Ding Village in Xiangfen County of Shanxi Province is the settlement of Ding people. This is the Middle Paleolithic age, about 100000 years ago.

  3.晚期智人

  3. Late Homo sapiens

  晚期智人(5万到1万年前),也被称为新人类。新人的体质特征是:前额部较垂直,眉脊模糊;脸宽,下巴明显;个子高,脑袋大。这些特点已经很接近现代人了,可以做磨光石头和骨头,学会了钻木头生火。在穴居人的洞穴里发现了一枚82毫米的骨针,这表明他们能够用兽皮做衣服。还有穿孔的动物牙齿、贝壳和其他装饰品,表明它们已经达到了相当的生产和教育水平。在洞里还发现了一块大草鱼的上眼骨。据推断,这条鱼有80厘米长,说明它们的捕鱼技术相当高超。当时,男人和女人有明确的分工,男人打猎和钓鱼,女人聚会和管理氏族内部事务。由于集团婚姻制度,只认识母亲,不认识父亲,妇女是家族的。

  Late Homo sapiens (50000 to 10000 years ago), also known as the new human. The physical characteristics of the new couple are: the forehead is vertical, the brow ridge is fuzzy; the face is wide, the chin is obvious; the stature is high, the head is big. These characteristics are very close to modern people. They can polish stones and bones, and learn to drill wood to make fire. An 82 mm bone needle was found in the caveman's cave, indicating that they were able to make clothes out of hide. There are also perforated animal teeth, shells and other decorations, indicating that they have reached a considerable level of production and education. The upper eye bone of a large grass carp was also found in the hole. It is inferred that the fish is 80cm long, which shows that they have excellent fishing skills. At that time, there was a clear division of labor between men and women, men hunting and fishing, women gathering and managing the internal affairs of the clan. Because of the group marriage system, we only know the mother, not the father. Women are the center of the family.

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  在我国新发现的民族中,比较重要的是河套人、柳江人、麒麟人、资阳人、智宇人、山东人。

  Among the newly discovered ethnic groups in China, Hetao people, Liujiang people, Qilin people, Ziyang people, Zhiyu people and Shandong people are more important.

  氏族公社时期

  Clan commune period

  1. 半坡遗址:半坡遗址位于陕西省西安市半坡村,五六千多年前,半坡在这里过着农耕生活。

  1. Banpo site: Banpo site is located in Banpo village, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. More than five or six thousand years ago, Banpo lived a farming life here.

  河姆渡文化:6000多年前,位于浙江省余姚县河姆渡村东北部的河姆渡人就已经定居下来。

  Hemudu culture: more than 6000 years ago, Hemudu people, located in the northeast of Hemudu village, Yuyao County, Zhejiang Province, had settled down.

  3.龙山文物:又称“黑陶文化”,分布在黄河中下游的光大地区,是仰韶文化发展而来。

  3. Longshan cultural relic: also known as "black pottery culture", it is distributed in the Guangda area in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and developed from Yangshao culture.

  4. 大汶口文化:位于山东省泰安市大汶口,距今四五千年前,出现了私有财产,贫富分化明显。

  4. Dawenkou Culture: located in Dawenkou, Tai'an City, Shandong Province, four or five thousand years ago, private property appeared and the gap between the rich and the poor was obvious.

  古代史的研究需要比较和整理,类似的知识点需要总结和研究,这样才能事半功倍。

  The study of ancient history needs to be compared and sorted out, and similar knowledge points need to be summarized and studied, so that we can get twice the result with half the effort.


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