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经济的知识点讲解!

  经济常识分为市场经济、微观经济、宏观经济、经济、经济的四个理论测试点很少,但是在测试错误率很高,经济需要掌握的知识不够深,现在让我们来分析经济测试困难。

  Economic common sense is divided into four theoretical test points of market economy, micro economy, macro economy, international economy and international economy. However, the test error rate is very high, and the knowledge that the international economy needs to master is not deep enough. Now let's analyze the difficulty of international economic test.

  首先,经济又称贸易,又称进出口贸易,因此,在学习经济知识时,我们要掌握进出口知识。在此期间,更重要的知识点是“汇率”。汇率是一国货币与另一国货币的比率。

  First of all, international economy is also known as international trade, also known as import and export trade. Therefore, when learning international economic knowledge, we should focus on mastering import and export knowledge. During this period, the most important knowledge point is "exchange rate". The exchange rate is the ratio of one country's currency to another.

  直接标价法是指以外币为单位来代表当地货币,间接标价法是指以本币为单位来代表当地货币。在进行贸易之前,贸易双方在进行贸易之前需要确定报价方式。如双方未事先确定报价方式,则默认采用直接报价方式应使用。

  The direct price method refers to the foreign currency as the unit to represent the local currency, while the indirect price method refers to the local currency as the unit to represent the local currency. Before international trade, both sides of trade need to determine the way of quotation before trade. If the quotation method is not determined in advance by both parties, the direct quotation method shall be used by default.

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  汇率是浮动的,有时上升,有时下降。这一变化将如何影响进出口,是事业单位考核中一个常见的问题。其摘要如下:

  The exchange rate is floating, sometimes rising, sometimes falling. How this change will affect import and export is a common problem in the assessment of public institutions. It is summarized as follows:

  如果本国货币的汇率上升,本国货币的升值和外国货币的贬值将有利于本国的进口,而不利于本国的出口。如果本币汇率下降,本币贬值和外币升值将有利于国内出口,但不利于国内进口。因此,国内出口将增加,进口将减少。

  If the exchange rate of the domestic currency rises, the appreciation of the domestic currency and the depreciation of the foreign currency will be beneficial to the import of the country, but not to the export of the country. If the exchange rate of the local currency falls, the depreciation of the local currency and the appreciation of the foreign currency will be conducive to domestic exports, but not to domestic imports. As a result, domestic exports will increase and imports will decrease.

  学生在学习知识分需要灵活应用这些知识来解决问题时,如试题要求的贬值是否出国学习,出国留学也可以被理解为进口,国内对外国购买商品,所以贬值对进口,因此可以得出结论,当贬值不利于出国留学,留学。

  When students need to use these knowledge flexibly to solve problems in learning knowledge points, such as whether the devaluation required by the test question is to study abroad, studying abroad can also be understood as import, domestic purchases goods from foreign countries, so devaluation is to import, so it can be concluded that when devaluation is not conducive to studying abroad, studying abroad.

  关于汇率的考题更加灵活,题中涉及的材料涉及的概念太多,包括多国、进口、出口、升值、贬值等,这就要求考生在做题的时候仔细检查问题,耐心思考。

  The examination questions about exchange rate are more flexible, and the materials involved in the questions involve too many concepts, including multi countries, imports, exports, appreciation, devaluation, etc., which requires the examinees to check the questions carefully and think patiently when doing the questions.


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